By Gunnar Eliasson
The basic subject of this e-book is to enquire the macroeconomic importance of the "cloud" of technological spillovers that surrounds complex business construction: In what methods do technological recommendations unfold and give a contribution to financial progress? What guidelines will be constructed to maximise the commercial strength of thoughts? those topics are rather well timed within the context of worldwide monetary obstacle, government-sponsored stimulus programs, and the continued evolution from manufacturing-based to knowledge-based economies. To discover those concerns intensive, Gunnar Eliasson specializes in a close case learn of the advance of Saab’s army plane, the JAS 39 Gripen system—a undertaking that comprises complicated technological ideas, a posh community of providers, public-private quarter collaboration, and either army and advertisement functions. The event within the airplane can be in comparison with spillover results in telephony, desktops, and clinical applied sciences. The examine emphasizes the function of purchaser competence in elevating the standard of innovation provide, and of entrepreneurship and industrially efficient enterprise capital for commercializing spillovers. Eliasson integrates micro-econometrics and case examine research with macroeconomics, innovation research equipment, and company management idea to degree the results of expertise spillovers and generate an exceptional empirical beginning for coverage research. specifically, he considers:
- the position of useful public (government) procurement as a brand new call for coverage to help innovation supply
- the emergence of the complicated businesses as "technical university," the place continuous studying happens and entrepreneurship between buyers and different stakeholders is encouraged
- issues of highbrow estate rights and the social price of technological innovations
- the implications for strategic enterprise perform and public policy
The result's a ebook that may entice a extensive spectrum of lecturers, leaders, and policymakers attracted to the dynamics of innovation offer, commercialization of applied sciences and monetary growth.
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Extra info for Advanced Public Procurement as Industrial Policy: The Aircraft Industry as a Technical University
Some further conclusions should finally be mentioned: 1. The industrially most potent technology spillovers operating in the long term do not take the form of well-specified new (and patentable) technologies that can be directly transferred to civilian use, but occur when competent people with military production experience move between jobs and apply their competence to the solving of civilian production problems. 2. Aircraft spillover benefits come mainly in the form of innovative product development, not as improvements in manufacturing process efficiency, except, of course, that many new product developments are investment goods, for instance machine tools that raise process efficiency when installed in production.
That the magnitude of the social spillover value created depends on the capacity of the local (national) economy to capture the spillovers, to commercialize them and to build businesses on them. –– That there is a wider perspective to recognize if the customership is supranational, covering the Scandinavian countries or Europe at large, and if the procurement cannot be directed to national producers. –– That in the latter case the spillover pick up area widens, reducing the risk for the area as a whole of losing winners and raising the potential economic values created.
A well-designed, mutually beneficial incentive contract should make both parties to the trade winners. This latter form of innovative pricing should be particularly attractive for developing countries. 4 The Questions Raised This introductory presentation, therefore, addresses five questions: 1. Why are spillovers interesting? Do they exist? How large are they? 2. How are spillovers created? The critical role of the advanced customer. 3. What do spillovers look like? The case presentations. 4.
Advanced Public Procurement as Industrial Policy: The Aircraft Industry as a Technical University by Gunnar Eliasson