By Neal T. Wright & Jaewan Yoon (Editors)
Software of GIS applied sciences in Port amenities and Operations administration discusses the new advances in GIS (Geographic info platforms) applied sciences for port pros. This committee record identifies powerful GIS ideas for the administration of advanced port and harbor infrastructure and discusses in-depth the functions, standards, and barriers of obtainable GIS functions. It additionally presents invaluable GIS database strategies and software program integration information, an summary and dialogue of GIS info kinds and map projections, and several other case reviews concentrating on facility and operations administration
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Extra resources for Application of GIS Technologies in Port Facilities and Operations Management
GPS can provide absolute position on a well-defined global reference frame [the World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS-84)] and direct, instantaneous 3-D displacement, permitting near-real-time analysis. The connection to the WGS-84 frame makes it easier to assess how a point might have moved relative to another reference point, for example, how a structure might have moved with respect to the surrounding bedrock after a shock such as an earthquake. Sensors that can only measure 1-D positions may be unable to detect certain modes of deformation.
Survey foot and international foot conversions can cause additional errors when dealing with such local datums. Appendix 6 includes brief notes on datum transformations and map projections. However, for detailed exploration of these two topics, some excellent sources include Elithorp and Findorff (2009), Hofmann-Wellenhof et al. (2001), and Van Sickle (2008). GPS Receiver Position Measurement Principle The true range, or geometric range, from a GPS receiver to a GPS satellite can be represented in terms of WGS-84 coordinates (Fig.
The total error generated by all the other error sources is multiplied by PDOP value to give a final overall error for the position coordinates. Therefore, if you assume a 5-m error from all the other error sources, a PDOP of 3 gives an overall error of 15 m, while a PDOP of 7 gives an overall error of 35 m. Overall Error Contributions All the errors discussed here make it sound like GPS is not as accurate as proclaimed. However, when all the errors are combined, they average out to about 3- to 15-m accuracy worldwide.
Application of GIS Technologies in Port Facilities and Operations Management by Neal T. Wright & Jaewan Yoon (Editors)