By Serge Ferrari, Johann D Ringe (auth.), René Rizzoli (eds.)
René Rizzoli Menopause is the time in a woman’s existence while reproductive means ends. Ovaries lessen their job and the creation of intercourse hormones ceases. this era can be linked to a wide number of signs affecting the cardiovascular and urogenital platforms, in addition to epidermis, hair and bone. Bone capital is amassed via the top of the second one decade and continues to be kind of consistent as much as the time of menopause. intercourse hormone deficiency ends up in sped up bone turnover, a destructive stability and microarchitectural deterioration, which compromises bone energy, thereby expanding bone fragility and, therefore, fracture threat. via the age of eighty, it really is predicted that fifty% of trab- ular bone can have been misplaced. normal menopause happens among the a while of forty five and fifty four years around the globe. This age doesn't seem to have replaced considerably over the centuries. against this, because the heart of the nineteenth century, existence expectancy, really in ladies, has elevated significantly, with most ladies dwelling to the age of eighty years or extra in lots of areas of the area. which means on the age of fifty years, a lady will reside for greater than 30 years with out bone safeguard via intercourse hormones. This r- resents greater than one-third of a woman’s existence. on the age of fifty years, the lifetime probability to event a fracture is ready 50% (ie, one out of 2 girls can have a fracture in this period).
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Atlas of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis by Serge Ferrari, Johann D Ringe (auth.), René Rizzoli (eds.)