By H. R. Lerner (auth.), Dov Pasternak, Anthony San Pietro (eds.)
Historically, scientists and laymen have looked salinity as a hazar dous, dangerous phenomenon. This destructive view used to be a relevant explanation for the inability of agricultural improvement of such a lot arid and semi arid zones of the area the place the foremost resources of water for organic construction are saline. The overdue Hugo Boyko used to be most likely the 1st scientist in recent years to problem this generally held, pessimistic view of salinity. His examine in Israel indicated that many vegetation could be irrigated with saline water, even at seawater power, in the event that they are in sandy soil - a method which can open a lot barren land to agriculture. This new, even radical, method of salinity was once basically enunciated within the ebook he edited and so much safely entitled 'Salinity and Aridity: New techniques to outdated difficulties' (1966). A decade later, 3 participants of the us nationwide technological know-how beginning (NSF), Lewis Mayfield, James Aller and Oskar Zaborsky, formulated the 'Biosaline Concept'; specifically, that terrible soils, excessive sunlight insolation and saline water, which be triumphant in arid lands, may be considered as precious assets instead of as dangers, and that those assets can be utilized for non-traditional creation of foodstuff, fuels and chemical substances. the 1st foreign Workshop on Biosaline examine was once con vened at Kiawah Island, South Carolina, in 1977 by way of A. San Pietro.
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Additional info for Biosalinity in Action: Bioproduction with Saline Water
In Adaptation of Plants To Water and High Temperature Stress. Eds. N C Turner and P J Kramer. pp 87-103. John Wiley and Sons, New York Tyree M T and Jarvis P G 1982 Water in tissues and cells. In Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology, Vol. 12B. Eds. 0 L Lange, P S Nobel, C B Osmond and H Ziegler. pp 35-77. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Wallaart RAM 1980 Distribution of sorbitol in Rosaceae. Phytochemistry 19,26032610. Weatherley P E 1982 Water uptake and flow in roots. In Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology, Vol.
It must be emphasized that even the apparently straightforward comparison of tolerance in the wheats and alien wheatgrasses is complicated by variations in growth rate, growth habit and life history, by changes in tolerance with development, and by the dependence of tolerance on relative humidity, temperature, ionic balance, etc. It is generally accepted that three major hazards are associated with saline habitats. These may be described as a) water stress arising from the more negative water potential (elevated osmotic pressure) of the rooting medium, b) specific ion toxicity usually associated with either excessive chloride or sodium intake, and c) nutrient ion imbalance when the excess of sodium or chloride leads to a diminished uptake of potassium, nitrate or phosphate or to impaired internal distribution of one or another of these ions.
Gorham J and Storey R (In preparation). Gorham J, Hughes L Land Wyn Jones R G 1981 Low-molecular-weight carbohydrates in some salt-stressed plants. Physio!. Plant. 53, 27-33. Gorham J, McDonnell E and Wyn Jones R G 1984 Salt tolerance in the Triticeae. Leymus sabulosus. J. Exp. Bot. 35, 1200-1209. Gorham J, McDonnell E and Wyn Jones R G (In preparation). Gorham J, McDonnell E and Wyn Jones R G 1984 Pinitol and other solutes in salt-stressed Sesbania aculeata. Z. Pt1anzenphysiol. 114,173-178. Greenway H and Munns R 1983 Interactions between growth, uptake of 0- and Na', and water relations of plants in saline environments.
Biosalinity in Action: Bioproduction with Saline Water by H. R. Lerner (auth.), Dov Pasternak, Anthony San Pietro (eds.)