Download PDF by Michael P. Johnson (auth.), Michael P. Johnson (eds.): Community-Based Operations Research: Decision Modeling for

By Michael P. Johnson (auth.), Michael P. Johnson (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461408059

ISBN-13: 9781461408055

ISBN-10: 1461408067

ISBN-13: 9781461408062

This edited quantity is an creation to various equipment and purposes in operations study all in favour of neighborhood populations and community-based businesses that experience the aptitude to enhance the lives of people and groups in tangible methods. The book's topics contain: house, position and neighborhood; deprived, underrepresented or underserved populations; overseas and transnational functions; multimethod, cross-disciplinary and comparative ways and applicable expertise; and analytics. The ebook is constituted of 11 unique submissions, a re-print of a 2007 article through Johnson and Smilowitz that introduces CBOR, and an introductory bankruptcy that gives coverage motivation, antecedents to CBOR in OR/MS, a thought of CBOR and a complete evaluate of the chapters. it's was hoping that this booklet will offer a source to lecturers and practitioners who search to improve tools and functions that bridge the divide among conventional OR/MS rooted in mathematical types and more recent streams in 'soft OR' that emphasize challenge structuring equipment, serious techniques to OR/MS and group engagement and capacity-building.

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Extra info for Community-Based Operations Research: Decision Modeling for Local Impact and Diverse Populations

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3 Public Health and Safety Recent research in CBOR in the area of public health and safety has been focused almost entirely on public health applications, with no work done in emergency services and only single applications in criminal justice, hazardous and undesirable facilities, and food security, which had received much more emphasis in the earlier CBOR review. We discuss these latter applications first. Grubesic and Murray (2010) discussed, as in this volume, the problem of determining, through spatial optimization models, the likely allocation of sex offenders subject to certain residency and saturation limits.

Foote et al. (2007) applied a new method called boundary critique to the problem of management of ongoing water shortages in a small town in New Zealand. By addressing the issue of inclusion, exclusion, and marginalization of people and issues, the authors demonstrate how PSMs can be applied in novel ways to define the problem context from multiple conflicting viewpoints and to develop workshops that achieved consensus on water conservation strategies. Mills (2009), described above, clearly has a focus on community and urban planning and development rooted in local participation and appropriate spatial technologies.

This represented the start of Ackoff’s progressive frustration with an OR/MS discipline that appeared to him to place undue emphasis on applied mathematics as against human processes, and stylized quantitative models versus a systems-learning approach (see Ackoff, 1979a, 1979b). Yet other researchers in the OR/MS field, such as C. West Churchman and Peter Checkland, shared Ackoff’s beliefs in an alternative approach to OR/MS that would emphasize a broader understanding of “problems” and the social and political aspects of problem identification and solution, rather than a focus on theory-building and algorithm development for stylized mathematical representations of the real world.

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Community-Based Operations Research: Decision Modeling for Local Impact and Diverse Populations by Michael P. Johnson (auth.), Michael P. Johnson (eds.)

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