By Nikolaj Lübecker
Taking as its element of departure the inspiration of neighborhood in mid-twentieth century French literature and proposal, this bold research seeks to discover the ways that Breton, Bataille, Sartre and Barthes used literature and artwork to interact with the query of reconceptualizing society. In exploring the relevance those writings carry for modern debates approximately group, Lubecker argues for the continued social value of literary reports.
Throughout the publication, he means that literature and paintings are privileged fields for confronting the various anti-social wants positioned on the outer edge of human rationality. The authors studied positioned to paintings the thoughts of Thanatos, sado-masochism and (self-)sacrifice; in addition they write extra poetically approximately man's allure to Silence, the evening and the impartial.
Many sociological discourses at the query of group are inclined to marginalize the drives inherent inside of those innovations; Lubecker argues it's necessary to take those drives into consideration while theorising the query of group, differently they might go back within the atavistic type of myths. furthermore if dealt with with care and a focus they could end up to be a source.
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Additional resources for Community, Myth and Recognition in Twentieth-Century French Literature and Thought
Furthermore the divergences do not prevent Bataille from beginning with the example of the Popular Front when trying to think the possibility of creating an anti-fascist organic movement. In the talk ‘Popular Front in the Street’ he argues that it is time to bring the movement back to its origin, back in the street. He wishes to make the Popular Front popular, fight the increasing bureaucratization, cut the connection to its leaders and recreate the uncontrolled excitement that dominated the first spontaneous demonstrations.
The lecture of 8 December 1935 shows how favourably Breton regards Contre-Attaque’s positions on fanaticism and violence. Here he combines a number of ideas from Trotsky, Engels, Hegel and Freud and produces a very interesting but also somewhat unsystematic text. The talk presents his views on the relation between ‘emotional excitement and political movements’ (the topic for the meeting) and for the most part it offers a response to those critics who had been appalled by the manifesto’s idea of a ‘fundamental human aspiration towards emotional excitement and fanaticism’ (Paragraph 13).
As we know from Breton’s intervention at the December meeting one possible model for the chief-less society can be found in the societal myth Freud first presented in Totem and Taboo. Bataille would take this investigation of the possibilities of a chief-less society – une société sans chef (The French ‘chef’ meaning both chief and head) – in a similar direction with his group Acéphale (Latin for head-less). To this Bataille adds some historico-political reasons why a French organic movement will not develop fascist characteristics.
Community, Myth and Recognition in Twentieth-Century French Literature and Thought by Nikolaj Lübecker