By Ataur Rahman Belal
Traditionally, the research of company social accountability (CSR) reporting has mostly been in the context of Western economies. although, within the wake of hugely publicized incidents equivalent to Bhopal and the fight of the Ogoni humans in Nigeria, many huge businesses now declare to be taking steps to enhance their environmental and social functionality inside constructing countries.Using the lens of stakeholder concept, this booklet examines no matter if the present perform of CSR reporting in constructing international locations is stimulated by means of a wish to discharge responsibility to all proper stakeholders or if it is being pushed by way of the valuable of advancing company monetary pursuits. whereas recommendations like CSR reporting became extra trendy, they range greatly in numerous nationwide contexts; this publication as a result clarifies the kinds and roles of CSR reporting and the underlying company motivations.The writer considers the present CSR reporting practices in a couple of constructing international locations, with specific awareness given to illuminating a case examine of Bangladesh.
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Additional resources for Corporate Social Responsibility Reporting in Developing Countries (Corporate Social Responsibility Series)
9 This categorisation could be to some extent problematic. Depending on the interpretation a particular stakeholder group could belong to either category. For example, employees were classified as voluntary/economic/less-dependent stakeholder by Clarkson (1994) whereas they were placed in the second category by Campbell et al. (2001) while recognising that not all employees are more-dependent stakeholders. It can be argued that key employees such as senior managers or employees with highly transferable skills can be mobile and can threaten to leave the firm if their expectations are not met.
The problem of corruption can hardly be over-emphasised. The main reasons for such corruption are very low levels of income earned by government officers and the existence of large foreign assisted development contracts (Parry and Khan, 1984). 7 Corruption is widespread in the country and can be found in every sphere of public life. While corrupt politicians and public officials act as an obstacle towards 5 The banks in Bangladesh do not usually provide loans without collateral security. Therefore, poor rural peoples did not get bank loans, as they usually could not provide the necessary collateral.
On the basis of that argument he classifies stakeholders into two groups: voluntary stakeholders and involuntary stakeholders. Voluntary stakeholders are those individuals or groups who have knowingly or voluntarily made, or taken, stakes in a firm and thereby have assumed some form of risk. For example, investors assume financial risks when providing financial capital to the firm. In addition to investors, voluntary stakeholders include employees, customers and suppliers. Also they may be referred to as economically powerful stakeholders (Unerman, 2000b).
Corporate Social Responsibility Reporting in Developing Countries (Corporate Social Responsibility Series) by Ataur Rahman Belal