By Walter F. Otto
Water F. Otto's Dionysus: delusion and Cult is a tough yet tremendous profitable examine not just of the god Dionysus yet of delusion and cult in addition. The e-book is split into elements. the 1st appears to be like on the which means of delusion and cult and their courting, the second one makes an attempt to reach on the crucial attribute of Dionysus. on no account in case you bypass the 1st half. In it Otto lays the basis for his penetrating research of the god. it's a scintillatingly terrific and illuminatingly unique exposition of the which means and origins of delusion and cult. an individual drawn to Greek faith or for that subject liturgy on my own, may still learn it. even though written over 40 years in the past it's going to nonetheless problem and startle. Otto is presented with a poetic intensity of belief and gnomic expressiveness precious nearly of Heraclitus. for instance at one aspect he states: "The extra alive this lifestyles turns into, the closer dying attracts, till the preferrred moment-the enchanted second whilst anything new is created-when demise and lifestyles meet in an embody of mad ecstasy."
Otto holds that "The precise visage of each actual god is the visage of a world." within the moment half he units approximately gaining knowledge of the shape or visage of Dionysus. This he brilliantly lays out in chapters facing each element of the god. Chapters contain: The Vine, The Somber insanity, Dionysus and the portion of Moisture, Dionysus and the ladies, and Dionysus and Apollo. i cannot try and recount his conclusions. Get the e-book and browse them in Otto's lapidary language. Don't be do away with from analyzing this ebook in case you don't recognize Greek. whereas there are a good variety of untransliterated phrases, you could comprehend the that means of the sentences from the context. although, remember that this isn't "lite" studying yet a significant examine that calls for and may pay off idea. The e-book itself is a good-looking, stable paperback with glued signatures.
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Extra resources for Dionysus: Myth and Cult
The "frenzied" Dionysus and his "frenzied" women attendants are, therefore, forms with which Homer is intimately acquainted. And the wine-god? Is it really true that Homer knows nothing of him as yet? Aristarchus in referring to the Odyssey 9· 198, commented that the poet, who mentions wine so often in both epics, never characterizes Dionysus as the giver of wine. O. H. Voss's Antisymbolik,10 and since that time it is taken for granted that wine has nothing to do with the original nature of Dionysus, but that it was only later placed under his protection.
13 The mighty Lycurgus, the son of Dryas, once hunted the nurses of the frenzied Dionysus over the regions of ~ysa. Struck by the terrible weapon of Lycurgus, they threw their holy thrysi to the ground. But Dionysus, himself, fled to the depths of the sea, where T hetis took the trembling god into her protection. What this old myth tells us is acted out in cult in the festival of the Agrionia, which will receive our close attention later. In O rchomenus women were pursued by the priest of Dionysus with sword drawn and those who did not escape him were struck down without pity.
According to Herodotus (2. 46 Antimachus47 transfers the encounter of Dionysus with Lycurgus to an Arabic Nysa, and Diodorus (3. 66) is of the opinion that the Nx_sa. Arabic WJC. Nonnus, Hesychius, and the scholia of the Iliad also have knowledge of this. In addition to Iiesychius, Apollonius Rhodius49 also mentions an Egyptian Nysa. :>o And finally, let us at least mention the Nysa of India_which has been referred to so often since the Hellenistic Age. Lastly, the ship procession of the Ionic festivals of Dionysus is considered to be an unusually clear piece of evidence in support of the theory that the cult of Dionysus came from Asia Minor to Greece.
Dionysus: Myth and Cult by Walter F. Otto