Don Quichotte et le problème de la réalité by Alfred Schütz PDF

By Alfred Schütz

ISBN-10: 2844857671

ISBN-13: 9782844857675

Ivre de romans de chevalerie, Don Quichotte se rêve lui-même en chevalier errant. Il agit dans un monde entièrement imaginaire, littéralement enchanté. Si personne ne s'oppose à ses croyances, le "sous-univers" dans lequel il vit par rapport à los angeles réalité de sens commun peut cohabiter sans heurts avec d'autres "sous-univers". Tout est affaire, nous dit Schütz, de croyance subjective, entre raison, technological know-how et rêve. l. a. vérité dépend de los angeles réalité dans laquelle chacun croit, nos choix et nos convictions sont avant tout des phénomènes sociaux, fondés sur l'interaction entre les individus. Et les sous-univers que l'on choisit en influencent parfois d'autres. Ce qui arrive à Sancho Pança, son écuyer, pourtant éminent représentant du "sens commun". Une fois entré dans l'univers pseudo-scientifique de son maître, il donne une interprétation absolument extravagante de l'une de leurs aventures. Mais pour Don Quichotte, l. a. description de son fidèle compagnon est totalement "en dehors de l’ordre de l. a. nature". Aussi, dès qu'une réalité peut être contredite, elle ne peut plus être acceptée comme vraie. Ce retour à los angeles réalité "de sens commun" devient pour notre chevalier errant un emprisonnement, une désillusion.
Alfred Schütz livre là une interprétation lumineuse des réalités multiples qui composent l'ordre social et défend un element de vue radical : l. a. réalité n'est que subjective ; l. a. frontière entre le réel et l'imaginaire relative.

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Extra info for Don Quichotte et le problème de la réalité

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It dwells on in­ trospective consciousness rather than systematic thought. Victor Hugo's late eschatological epics remain unread. If there is an exception, often slighted, it is that of Pope's Essay on Man of 1732-33. His was not a philosophic temper though, inter­ estingly, Pope did intuit something of Abelard's stature. The Essay draws on Newton and B olingbroke, possibly on Leibniz, as Lucre­ tius had drawn on Epicurus. Formally, the indebtedness to Horace's Epistles is undisguised. But the poised incisiveness of Pope's heroic couplets lends authority to the providential ethics and cosmology which he propounds: Heav'n from all creatures hides the book of Fate, All but the page prescrib'd, their present state : From brutes what men, fro m men what spirits know : O r who could suffer Being here below?

Much may escape us in what could well be an incomplete work. It is dear, however, that Lucretius's reflections and perhaps eclectic, Stoically influenced, worldview have an impetus of their own. The sources of vision are twofold. In the Epicurean mode, Lucretius aims to enfranchise men and women from servility to su­ perstitions and from the fear of death. The gods are distant and pos­ sibly mortal (Nietzsche knew this text). As is our world, as are the heavens "which must begin and end:' At the same time, Lucretius celebrates and seeks to account for manifold natural phenomena, for organic life whose teeming, transformative wonders and terrors he observes unflinchingly.

The matrix of doctrine is liter­ ary. Empedocles' philosophic verse, particularly his Purifications, was declaimed at Olympia by the rhapsode Cleomenes. Thought is sung. ). Surreal terror marks Empedocles' depiction of the torn but errant bodies of the dead and of the turbulence of Chaos (Dante's bufera ) There are locutions which, observes Barnes, suggest "a Car­ tesian artist:' Empedocles tells of the bruising onrush of images and knowledge into the human mind. " Radiant Aphrodite will annul the agonistic scissions, the cruel hatreds and bloodletting which darken our world.

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Don Quichotte et le problème de la réalité by Alfred Schütz

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